Scientists have to become better communicators

Keywords: TED, talks, climate change, history, science, religion, astronomy, philosophy

they have to explain to us not just what they know, but how they know it

https://www.ted.com/talks/naomi_oreskes_why_we_should_trust_scientists [ca. 18:55]

What Naomi seems to overlook in her conclusive remarks (perhaps because she’s so thrilled by the phenomenal scientific successes she covers in her TED talk) is that scientists don’t actually know anything — instead, they simply make more or less educated guesses.

Normally (haha, there’s a sort of pun in there which IS in fact intended) scientists are highly educated in quantitative statistical methods — basically, most of this relies on something that is often referred to as the “Law of Large Numbers“. These days, there is such fanatical focus on these quantitative methods that science is increasingly succumbing to the fallacy of not actually paying (enough) attention to what it is counting up… and increasingly such quasi-scientists are counting up mesmerizing mashups of bullshit and similarly amorphous phenomena. Several decades ago, before the tsunami of big data overwhelmed most of the so-called scientific community, this junk was called “GIGO” (“garbage in, garbage out”).

My main point is that qualitative analysis must be the foundation for all quantitative analyses. Unfortunately, modern science does not have a long tradition or history of actually dealing with qualitative analysis — in other words: on this account, we have hardly even reached square one. We can easily measure and count up how often a stone, when released, falls directly to the ground. We can easily explain the reasons why leaves behave differently than stones. But we have not yet paid enough attention to the many and vast differences that exist between what we refer to as a “leaf” vs. what we refer to as a “stone”. In the case of leaves vs. stones the differences are indeed so vast (and numerous) that they appear obvious to the naked eye. But in cases such as “global warming” (the anthropogenic kind) or “corona virus” (the COVID-19 kind), the causes of “death”, “extinction”, and many other similar phenomena (e.g. what makes something a species, or a race, or whatever), we are dumbfounded by the multitudes of mutually exclusive interpretations — or perhaps we might be traumatized by various degrees of cognitive dissonance from our attempts to reconcile numerous different theories about “true” reality.

Obviously (to me, at least) we need to pay more attention to the qualities of things — in particular, what makes one thing a different thing than another thing (and also, thereby, what makes the similar things similar enough to be as countable as “one banana, two banana, three banana, four…”).

Once we have successfully achieved that, we can return to heralding the wonders of quantitative analysis (and / or beginning to analyze what is so wonderful about a Gaussian distribution, and / or whether the laws of physics actually do need to be changed inside of “black holes”, and so on). One result we might then trumpet is to revise Naomi’s conclusions to read something more like:

Scientists have to explain to us not just what they guess is probably* right, but how they guess it’s probably* right [* in most cases, usually]

moi (with acknowledgements for yet again calling my attention to related issues: Joe Rogan w/ Barbara Freese, Jeff Skoll & Diane Weyermann and Pierre Omidyar)

Someone needs to help Ben Thompson / Stratechery figure out the difference between Retard Media and Rational Media

… and maybe that “someone” could / should be me. 😀

I saw this just now:

After the Internet, though, the total amount of information is so much greater that even if the total amount of misinformation remains just as low relatively speaking, the absolute amount will be correspondingly greater:

https://stratechery.com/2020/zero-trust-information

What bothers me most is the image used to present this idea. Obviously, Ben does not understand much about statistics. Otherwise, the statement might not be half as bad.

Regardless: this is actually a very simple matter. I do not pay attention to “retard media” (note that remediary.com — the website where I first published that article — is currently experiencing an inordinately high amount of traffic, so I have linked to an archive.org “archived” copy of the article instead).

Ben appears to be saying that the amount of misinformation online is small (compared to the total amount of information) — I do not share his naive optimism.

Brand names (such as “stratechery” or “nytimes”) are (IMHO) inherently distrustworthy — in other words: they are worthy of distrust. The only information that is potentially trustworthy is information that is about something. Brand names are not about anything — they are simply meaningless strings used to identify particular products and/or services. If there are many producers of the same product or service, brand names are used to identify particular producers or service providers — but they are not indicators of any level of quality themselves. They are simply contrived constructs to help consumers if they want to exercise loyalty to any particular producer or service provider.

Rational media (on the other hand) is potentially about something — namely whatever it says it is about. This is relatively simple and straightforward — yet one thing that has made it a little tricky was ICANN’s rollout of proprietary top level domains a few years ago. For example: novice users (who lack the required high level of “digital” literacy) might think that a domain in the “app” TLD is about an “app” (or “apps” in general). Yet first of all: “app” may actually not be very well-defined. But second of all — as people with more advanced literacy skills will probably be aware — the “app” TLD was auctioned off to Google (or Alphabet — whatever that corporation is now known as in the United States of America [I, for one, do not think that company is trustworthy in many regards, let alone with respect to literacy] ). Therefore: “app” is not actually about “apps”. It is about Google (because Google now owns it).

I doubt ICANN’s decision to auction off many TLDs will be reversed in the near future — and it probably doesn’t matter, either. There are already many generic TLDs in “wide distribution” (much as the English language is also in wide distribution across the globe). Over time, as more and more people become more and more literate, they will become more and more aware of the very large number of proprietary fiefdoms, versus the relatively small number of generic TLDs.

The widely distributed generic TLDs are like dictionaries. Each word in such dictionaries functions as it’s own specialized search engine — whether for “shopping”, or “hotels”, or “cars”, or whatever. Market forces will ultimately result in trustworthy information appearing in rational media.

Pay Attention: suppress unwanted information + become blind to what you do not want to see

paying attention also involves choosing what to ignore. For an object to come into the spotlight, thousands of others must remain in the shadows. To direct attention is to choose, filter, and select: this is why cognitive scientists speak of selective attention. This form of attention amplifies the signal which is selected, but it also dramatically reduces those that are deemed irrelevant. The technical term for this mechanism is “biased competition”: at any given moment, many sensory inputs compete for our brain’s resources, and attention biases this competition by strengthening the representation of the selected item while squashing the others.

https://lithub.com/how-we-pay-attention-changes-the-very-shape-of-our-brains

As you + I … — as we may think

Indeed, there are (in my humble opinion) many phenomena throughout the everyday lives of humans, perhaps throughout all of life in general which are embedded with principles of automatism / automaticity. One of the primary reasons we aren’t talking a whole lot about them is that these things seem invisible to our awareness, or perhaps so blatantly obvious that we don’t ever mention them because we’re convinced they must be plain and simple “common sense”.

http://remediary.com/2019/12/21/automatism-automaticity-first-thoughts

If you think outside the box, “externality” thinking is impossible

I read Bruno Latour’s “Science in Action” several decades ago (as a graduate student in information science). Here’s a quick update from the professor, albeit in an interview that is very difficult to follow, mainly because of the way interviewer / interviewee (fail to) communicate with one another — ironically, this is a tragic case of inappropriate technology in action. 😉

The joy of admitting when you don’t know

blogging , personal , lifestyle , relationships , honest , friendships , honesty , conversations , knowledge

WHAT ABOUT LARA

Here’s something I learned recently: Nobody, and I mean nobody, knows what the fuck they’re doing. It’s lesson that has encouraged me to live a more honest and authentic life with loved ones and strangers alike.

I throw my hands in the air when I fuck up. I tell my boss when I feel like I feel like I’m about to fuck up. If somebody asks me a question I don’t know the answer to, I point them in the direction of somebody who can instead of fumbling around for some sort of reasonable response to make myself look all knowledgeable and superior and stuff.

I message my friends in the vicinity of their birthdays for the exact date they’ll be tallying another digit onto their age because I will forget. And, if I don’t know what the fuck you’re talking about, I am not going to pretend that…

View original post 433 more words

Advice Doesn’t Help Us Generate Knowledge

advice, Engaging, Knowledge, Learning, Meaning, Memory, Thought

Novel Learning

As you would expect, Michael Bungay Stanier’s book The Coaching Habit is all about how to be a more effective coach. Part of becoming a more effective coach involves understanding how the brain works so that you can understand how the people you coach are going to learn and react in certain situations. To help demonstrate the importance of knowing how the brain works, Bungay Stanier references Josh Davis and his colleagues from the NeuroLeeadership Institute and their model known as “AGES”. Specifically, Bungay Stanier focuses on the “G” from AGES.

G stands for Generation, and commenting on knowledge generation, Bungay Stanier writes, “Advice is overrated. I can tell you something, and it’s got a limited chance of making its way into your brain’s hippocampus, the region  that encodes memory. If I can ask you a question and you generate the answer yourself, the odds increase substantially.” What is important…

View original post 221 more words

Human Purpose That Unites All

altruism, awareness, connection, cooperation, development, evolution, Human Being, Human nature, meaning, purpose in life, religion, science

Entering The Force-Field

Question: What should be the meaning or purpose of life to an athiest?

Answer: The purpose of life is the same for an atheist and a religious person.

Neither atheism, nor religion – as we consider religion today – can help us in reaching our Human purpose in life, as both atheistic science and religious belief remains within the domain of the inherently self-serving, self-justifying, subjective Human nature.

In order to reach and fulfill our Human purpose we need to become similar to nature’s single operating, life-giving force, purposefully and methodically “clothing into” the “godly qualities” of selfless, altruistic, unconditional love and service of others.

Neither common science, nor blind belief, or any current spiritual practices can help us in this regard, as all searches within our present, artificial and false world built by and governed by the ego.

We need a true, objective, Natural (non-Human) scientific method…

View original post 52 more words

Citizen science : how ordinary people are changing the face of discovery

Australian Citizen Science Association, Australian Museum, citizen science

Readers in the Mist

Have you ever wanted to contribute to scientific understanding, or participate in a community project that aims to generate scientific data? Then you just may be a Citizen Scientist in the making. Citizen science is “scientific work undertaken by members of the general public, often in collaboration with or under the direction of professional scientists and scientific institutions.” Unlike the gentleman scientist of days gone by, citizen scientists are part of a larger picture: collaborating with established science by monitoring, collecting, observing and reporting on large projects that would be inconceivable for an individual to accomplish.

Citizen science : how ordinary people are changing the face of discovery, by Caron Cooper, tells the fascinating story of this movement, from the 19th Century to the present, and just may inspire you to get involved yourself.

If you don’t need convincing, head over to the Australian Museum Centre for Citizen…

View original post 126 more words